|Old-Line Families Escape Worst of Flood And Plot the Future; Mr.
O'Dwyer, at His Mansion, Enjoys Highball With Ice; Meeting With the
Author(s): Christopher Cooper
Publication title: Wall Street Journal
Date: Sep 8, 2005
NEW ORLEANS -- On a sultry morning earlier this week, Ashton O'Dwyer
stepped out of his home on this city's grandest street and made a
beeline for his neighbor's pool. Wearing nothing but a pair of blue
swim trunks and carrying two milk jugs, he drew enough pool water to
flush the toilet in his home.
The mostly African-American neighborhoods of New Orleans are largely
underwater, and the people who lived there have scattered across the
country. But in many of the predominantly white and more affluent
areas, streets are dry and passable. Gracious homes are mostly intact
and powered by generators. Yesterday, officials reiterated that all
residents must leave New Orleans, but it's still unclear how far they
will go to enforce the order.
The green expanse of Audubon Park, in the city's Uptown area, has
doubled in recent days as a heliport for the city's rich -- and a
terminus for the small armies of private security guards who have been
dispatched to keep the homes there safe and habitable. Mr. O'Dwyer has
cellphone service and ice cubes to cool off his highballs in the
evening. By yesterday, the city water service even sprang to life,
making the daily trips to his neighbor's pool unnecessary. A pair of
oil-company engineers, dispatched by his son-in-law, delivered four
cases of water, a box of delicacies including herring with mustard
sauce and 15 gallons of generator gasoline.
Despite the disaster that has overwhelmed New Orleans, the city's
monied, mostly white elite is hanging on and maneuvering to play a
role in the recovery when the floodwaters of Katrina are gone. "New
Orleans is ready to be rebuilt. Let's start right here," says Mr.
O'Dwyer, standing in his expansive kitchen, next to a counter covered
with a jumble of weaponry and electric wires.
More than a few people in Uptown, the fashionable district surrounding
St. Charles Ave., have ancestors who arrived here in the 1700s. High
society is still dominated by these old-line families, represented
today by prominent figures such as former New Orleans Board of Trade
President Thomas Westfeldt; Richard Freeman, scion of the family that
long owned the city's Coca-Cola bottling plant; and William Boatner
Reily, owner of a Louisiana coffee company. Their social pecking order
is dictated by the mysterious hierarchy of "krewes," groups with
hereditary membership that participate in the annual carnival leading
up to Mardi Gras. In recent years, the city's most powerful business
circles have expanded to include some newcomers and non-whites, such
as Mayor Ray Nagin, the former Cox Communications executive elected in
A few blocks from Mr. O'Dwyer, in an exclusive gated community known
as Audubon Place, is the home of James Reiss, descendent of an old-
line Uptown family. He fled Hurricane Katrina just before the storm
and returned soon afterward by private helicopter. Mr. Reiss became
wealthy as a supplier of electronic systems to shipbuilders, and he
serves in Mayor Nagin's administration as chairman of the city's
Regional Transit Authority. When New Orleans descended into a spiral
of looting and anarchy, Mr. Reiss helicoptered in an Israeli security
company to guard his Audubon Place house and those of his neighbors.
He says he has been in contact with about 40 other New Orleans
business leaders since the storm. Tomorrow, he says, he and some of
those leaders plan to be in Dallas, meeting with Mr. Nagin to begin
mapping out a future for the city.
The power elite of New Orleans -- whether they are still in the city
or have moved temporarily to enclaves such as Destin, Fla., and Vail,
Colo. -- insist the remade city won't simply restore the old order.
New Orleans before the flood was burdened by a teeming underclass,
substandard schools and a high crime rate. The city has few corporate
The new city must be something very different, Mr. Reiss says, with
better services and fewer poor people. "Those who want to see this
city rebuilt want to see it done in a completely different way:
demographically, geographically and politically," he says. "I'm not
just speaking for myself here. The way we've been living is not going
to happen again, or we're out."
Not every white business leader or prominent family supports that
view. Some black leaders and their allies in New Orleans fear that it
boils down to preventing large numbers of blacks from returning to the
city and eliminating the African-American voting majority. Rep.
William Jefferson, a sharecropper's son who was educated at Harvard
and is currently serving his eighth term in Congress, points out that
the evacuees from New Orleans already have been spread out across many
states far from their old home and won't be able to afford to return.
"This is an example of poor people forced to make choices because they
don't have the money to do otherwise," Mr. Jefferson says.
Calvin Fayard, a wealthy white plaintiffs' lawyer who lives near Mr.
O'Dwyer, says the mass evacuation could turn a Democratic stronghold
into a Republican one. Mr. Fayard, a prominent Democratic fund-raiser,
says tampering with the city's demographics means tampering with its
unique culture and shouldn't be done. "People can't survive a year
temporarily -- they'll go somewhere, get a job and never come back,"
Mr. Reiss acknowledges that shrinking parts of the city occupied by
hardscrabble neighborhoods would inevitably result in fewer poor and
African-American residents. But he says the electoral balance of the
city wouldn't change significantly and that the business elite isn't
trying to reverse the last 30 years of black political control. "We
understand that African Americans have had a great deal of influence
on the history of New Orleans," he says.
A key question will be the position of Mr. Nagin, who was elected with
the support of the city's business leadership. He couldn't be reached
yesterday. Mr. Reiss says the mayor suggested the Dallas meeting and
will likely attend when he goes there to visit his evacuated family
Black politicians have controlled City Hall here since the late 1970s,
but the wealthy white families of New Orleans have never been fully
eclipsed. Stuffing campaign coffers with donations, these families
dominate the city's professional and executive classes, including the
white-shoe law firms, engineering offices, and local shipping
companies. White voters often act as a swing bloc, propelling blacks
or Creoles into the city's top political jobs. That was the case with
Mr. Nagin, who defeated another African American to win the mayoral
election in 2002.
Creoles, as many mixed-race residents of New Orleans call themselves,
dominate the city's white-collar and government ranks and tend to ally
themselves with white voters on issues such as crime and education,
while sharing many of the same social concerns as African- American
voters. Though the flooding took a toll on many Creole neighborhoods,
it's likely that Creoles will return to the city in fairly large
numbers, since many of them have the means to do so.
Gary Fields and Ann Carrns contributed to this article.
Copyright (c) 2005, Dow Jones & Company Inc.